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What are the most common cancers in children and adolescents?

Overall for children and adolescents (ages 0 to 19) in the United States, the most common types of cancers are leukemias, which are cancers of the blood or bone marrow cells; brain and central nervous system tumors, including cancers of the spine; and lymphomas, which are cancers of the lymph nodes or glands). However, the types of cancer can vary by age. (


Types of Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Children Childhood Cancers

Top 5 Pediatric Cancers: The Warning Signs

Symptoms of Childhood Cancers Childhood Cancer

Cancer Staging

National Cancer Institute: Childhood Cancers

Educating Children and Teenagers (pdf)


Unsung Heroes – Children with Cancer



Children with Cancer – A Guide for Parents



5-Year Survival Rate, Age 0-19
5-Year Survival Rate, Age 0-19


Number of Childhood Cancer Diagnoses Per Year
Number of Childhood Cancer Diagnoses Per Year



Leukemias are cancers that start in cells that would normally develop into different types of blood cells.  Most often, leukemia starts in early forms of white blood cells, but some leukemias start in other blood cell types.  (American Cancer Society) What is Childhood Leukemia? Childhood Leukemia – Signs and Symptoms How is Childhood Leukemia Classified?  ALL Treatment AML Treatment  Types of Leukemia  Childhood Blood Cancer  Download Center


LLS:  Learning and Living with Cancer – Advocating for your child’s educational needs



ACS:  What is Childhood Leukemia



The ALL Guide:  Information for Patients and Caregivers



LLS:  Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia




The lymphatic system is the body’s disease-fighting network. It includes the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland, and bone marrow. The main types of lymphoma are Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. (Mayo)

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma – Signs and Symptoms

NCI:  Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

NCI:  Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

Types of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children and Teens 


Downloadable PDFs – Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma


Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children



LLS:  Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma



LLS:  The Lymphoma Guide



Wilms tumor is a rare kidney cancer that is highly treatable. Most kids with Wilms tumor survive and go on to live normal, healthy lives.

Also known as nephroblastoma, Wilms tumor can affect both kidneys, but usually develops in just one. Doctors believe that the tumor begins to grow as a fetus develops in the womb, with some cells that should form into the kidneys instead forming a tumor.  (Nemours KidsHealth)


MedlinePlus:  Wilms Tumor  Risk Factors for Wilms Tumor


If Your Child Has a Wilms Tumor



Wilms Tumor



Wilms Tumor Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging



Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that begins in the cells that form bones. Osteosarcoma is most often found in the long bones — more often the legs, but sometimes the arms — but it can start in any bone. In very rare instances, it occurs in soft tissue outside the bone.

Osteosarcoma tends to occur in teenagers and young adults, but it can also occur in younger children and older adults.  (Mayo)


Bone Cancers

Pediatric Osteosarcoma

Signs and Symptoms of Childhood Bone Cancers

NCI:  Bone Cancers

Harvard:  Osteosarcoma


What is osteosarcoma?




Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that begins in the retina — the sensitive lining on the inside of your eye. Retinoblastoma most commonly affects young children, but can rarely occur in adults.  (Mayo) What is retinoblastoma?

St. Jude:  What is Retinoblastoma?  Retinoblastoma – Childhood

Mayo Clinic:  Retinoblastoma


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Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of sarcoma. Sarcoma is cancer of soft tissue (such as muscle), connective tissue (such as tendon or cartilage), or bone. Rhabdomyosarcoma usually begins in muscles that are attached to bones and that help the body move, but it may begin in many places in the body. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma in children.  (National Cancer Institute)

NCI: Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma

What is Rhabdomyosarcoma?  Rhabdomyosarcoma

Stanford Children’s:  Rhabdomyosarcoma in Children


What is Rhabdomyosarcoma?




Skin cancer — the abnormal growth of skin cells — most often develops on skin exposed to the sun. But this common form of cancer can also occur on areas of the skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight.  There are three major types of skin cancer — basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. (Mayo)



Melanoma Research Foundation:  Pediatric MelanomaScreenshot 2016-07-26 18.59.08  Childhood Melanoma  Skin Cancer in Children

AAD:  Looking Good – Skin Cancer Tool Kit

CDC:  Skin Cancer



Children and Skin Cancer



Skin Cancer Selfie Goes Viral


Screenshot 2016-07-26 18.38.24

Childhood Melanoma


Skin self-exam:  How to do


Can you spot skin cancer?


AAD:  What to Look for – ABCDE’s of Melanoma:

Screenshot 2016-07-26 19.03.01


Detect Skin Cancer:  Body Mole Map



How to SPOT Skin Cancer


CDC:  Summer Sun Safety:  Protect Yourself from UV Radiation

AAD:  Sunscreen FAQs



AAD:  Skin Cancer Prevention



ASHAWEB:  Melanoma Lessons for Secondary School Students


How to Select a Sunscreen



Tanned Skin is Not Healthy Skin



Be Unbeatable:  A sun safety program for grades 3-5




CANCER AND SCHOOL Returning to School Returning to School

Monkey in My Chair Guidance for School Personnel School Support

Cancer: Sample Letters for Schools


Welcoming the Child with Cancer Back to School



Children with Pediatric Cancer:  A Prescription for School Success




Safety Net Grant Program: Financial Assistance

Bear Necessities

American Cancer Society

Childhood Brain Tumor Foundation

Cure Search

Make A Wish

American Childhood Cancer Organization

Alex’s Lemonade Stand

Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation

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